Sign up for
our Weekly e-Edition
& VC Emergency Alerts!


Putting COMMUNITY First!
Shop Locally! When you use a local Real Estate member of The Valley Center Real Estate Professional Group, a portion of the commission goes to local High School Senior Scholarships and some goes to help those in need in our community. In the past 10 years, VCCAG members have given out over $115,000 to local high school graduates. In addition, they have given out over $30,000 to those in need in our community.
Local Real Estate Professionals attend local Real Estate Caravans and have extensive local knowledge of prices, trends, and local financing options. Look for the Valley Center Real Estate Professionals logo when you're looking for a Real Estate Professional. Valley Center Real Estate Professionals are proud of the changes they have made in our community.
Visit and LIKE our Facebook page Valley Center Community Aid Group to browse member profiles!

Across the road from the Valley Center Water District, you will find one of Valley Center's best kept secrets, a charming re-purposed barn, where two local bakers have joined together in a Artisan Bakers' Co-op.

Diana's Granola and Whole Grain Happiness features whole grain, wheat-alternative, vegan and reduced sugar granola, cookies, muffins, and shortbreads. With berry season upon us, Diana and her staff are baking fresh berry "tortes," using local strawberries or olallieberries and wheat-alternative flours. Diana Sourbeer, a Registered Dietitian, bakes for health, as well as good taste!

Belen Artisan Bakers offer a variety of fresh breads, rolls, muffins and scones. Owned by Jose and Lucy Duran, Belen Artisan Bakers are known county-wide for their handmade European-style yeast raised and fermented, naturally leavened breads. Country French, Levain Sourgdough, Rosemary and Olive Oil, Jalapeno Cheddar, Whole Wheat, Sunflower Flax, Peasant, Challa, Brioche, Ciabatta and banana bread are just a fraction of the breads on their menu! Besides "daily bread," Belen Artisan Bakers make hot cross buns for holiday gatherings and take special orders for dinner rolls, soup bread bowls and sandwich rolls.

The Little Barn Bakery


9am - 5pm Monday - Friday

9am - 1pm on Saturdays




click dates below for detailed report


Valley Center 
Headlines & Happenings

4th Annual Valley Center Musicfest 
By: Anita Baranowski 

The Valley Center / Pauma Music Boosters will hold their 4th Annual Valley Center MusicFest on Saturday, June 6, which includes a sanctioned BBQ cook-off. 

This event is focused on raising money and support for school music programs in Valley Center and is held annually at Bates Nut Farm (15954 Woods Valley Road, Valley Center).

From 12:00 pm to 7:00 pm, the event includes a Kansas City BBQ Cook-off, seven bands on two stages, a beer and wine garden, door prizes, foods, face-painting and a silent auction. Parking and admission to the festival are free.The event features two separate stages for the day of music. The festival will begin at noon with the National Anthem and performances by the award-winning Valley Center Middle School and High School Jazz bands, directed by Jeff Beck. Five of San Diego's top professional bands will then fill the stages with one hour sets:
  •  Alice Wallace - Folk / County / Blues
  • The Liquorsmiths - Folk Rock
  • The Moves - Jamgrass / Gypsy-Folk / Americana
  • The Sumbucks - Country
  • Red Raucous - Rock n Roll
Fifty BBQ teams are expected to compete in the Kansas City Barbeque Society sanctioned cook-off, leading to regional, state and national championships. Select BBQ items of chicken, pork, pork ribs and brisket will be available for purchase. The beer and wine garden will be at the center of the event for the "21-and-over-crowd" with a selection of craft beers and boutique wineries. A wide variety of silent auction items will be displayed for bidding. The Miss Valley Center Court will be selling raffle tickets and face-painting.

"This festival highlights quality bands with a variety of music in one location, all while continuing to help our music programs grow," said Diane Conaway, president of the Valley Center / Pauma Music Boosters. "We are grateful to Bates Nut Farm for donating their beautiful venue and all of the performers who share their talents. We are also fortunate to have so much community support for this event. Many volunteer hours are spent doing planning, coordinating, advertising, setting up, performing, and more." To donate an item for silent auction or raffle, either personally or from a business, call Diane at 760-749-2888.

"We're excited and looking forward to this year's event for the Valley Center school music programs," said Jimmie Cline, Trail Boss with Cattle Call, the company promoting and coordinating the bands. "We have about 50 teams that will be competing in a sanctioned Kansas City BBQ competition and seven bands that will be performing. Come on out and enjoy some great bbq, music, craft beer and family fun at Bates Nut Farm, while helping out our local school musicians."

This annual event is a key fundraiser for the Valley Center / Pauma Music Boosters, which support the efforts of about 900 award-winning choir and band students in the Valley Center schools. The music festival performers donate their time and effort to this annual fundraiser.All proceeds help fund the annual $100,000 goal of the VC/PMB organization to finance the uniforms, instruments and competitions for the Valley Center and Pauma music programs. The Boosters help purchase and maintain hundreds of instruments for hundreds of 5th-12th graders in the award-winning school bands. The Boosters also provide the necessary funding for both band and choir students to participate in competition events at the middle and high school levels. The programs are noted for their highly successful results at these events.The Valley Center MusicFest is sponsored by Bates Nut Farm, Cattle Call LLC, Diane Conaway, Guitar Center, Left Coast Engineering, Stone Brewing Company, Stubb's BBQ Sauce, Valley Center Happenings and Valley View Casino & Hotel.

For more information about Bates Nut Farm visit . For more information about Cattle Call LLC visit For more information about Diane Conaway visit For more information about Guitar Center visit  For more information about Left Coast Engineering visit For more information about Stone Brewing Company visit For more information about Stubb's BBQ Sauce visit For more information about Valley Center Happenings visit For more information about Valley View Casino & Hotel visits For more information about the Valley Center MusicFest visit

For more information about the Valley Center / Pauma Music Boosters and how you can help, email, visit, find Valley Center / Pauma Music Boosters and like us on Facebook, or call 760-749-2888.

Unfinished Business
By Doug Ives

Valley Center is close to finally seeing nine acres of dirt turned into usable consumer space on its primary travel road. The wait has been a long time coming.

The parcel of land on Valley Center Road and N. Lake Wohlford Road, owned by the San Pasqual Band of Mission Indians, is ‘'100 percent ready for development,'' according to Bill Martinez, president of the tribe's economic developmental agency.

Early fall is the target date to officially launch San Pasqual Village. The official opening ceremony, which is the turning of the first shovel of dirt, is on tap for September, says Martinez. The exact date is yet to be determined. An announcement will be made soon.

All permits are signed, sealed and delivered, the water treatment center is in place, and SDGE has signed off on the property. In other words, it is ‘'all systems go'' now that the tribe has a master plan in place. This was thought to be in place well over a year ago. Martinez, however, is new as the agency president.         

It was revealed more than a year ago that the property would include a Starbucks and a McDonald's franchise. Not so anymore.

According to Martinez, the tribe will manage and operate a full-service gas station, which means tire service, car wash, and auto repair. This area will include a mini-mart that sells comfort food and alcohol. This ‘'anchor store'' is in the design process now and will be on the corner of the property.  

The tribe has a ‘'firm'' outline for at least four other businesses. Mr. Martinez said his group has ‘'settled'' on what commercial enterprises it desires. He did not specify names, or reveal if the businesses are branded or unbranded. He mentioned a supermarket, a bank, a pharmacy and ‘'maybe'' a small hospital or surgery center or clinic to be included.

Of course, the bank or pharmacy would not be free standing, most likely. One or both could be inside the supermarket. So could a branded coffee or food service, too.

As for including a small hospital, clinic or surgery center, this idea had not been considered previously. Martinez did not divulge specific information except to say that his agency is dealing with a Los Angeles Medical Association. Pauma Valley has a health clinic and Escondido has four. Valley Center has none.

For certain the ‘'buffer'' zone between the middle school on the property's southern flank will be self-storage units. Martinez did not say who would manage this business, although the tribe could. He did say that construction of all businesses would go out to bid.

Editor's Note: Coming soon will be a story on Miller Plaza, the smallest phase of the Northern Village project that has been on the drawing board for decades. Grading has already begun on Miller Plaza and the development says one year from now Phase One will be finished and operational. More details in the VC Happenings report. Stay tuned.

A-1 Irrigation Do it Best Hardware: May Business of the Month
By Assemblymember Marie Waldron 

Small businesses are the economic engine that drives our economy. As part of my ongoing effort to salute hardworking small business owners and the positive influence they have on our region, I would like to recognize A-1 Irrigation Do it Best Hardware in Valley Center.

In 1964, Jack Bose was a irrigation system installer working in Valley Center's expanding citrus and avocado industries. When the opportunity arose, he jumped at the chance to open a retail location selling the supplies needed to maintain the vast groves that were spreading across the chaparral-covered hillsides. Though agriculture today is struggling with rising water costs, explosive population growth and a seemingly endless drought, it remains an important segment of Valley Center's economy. 

While a lot has changed in the community over the last 50 years, A-1 has been striving successfully to keep up with the times. A-1 is now a 26,000 sq. ft. store with more than 28,000 items in stock. The store offers a vast selection of hardware, irrigation, plumbing, lawn & garden, paint, sewer systems and much more. 

Through dedication, commitment and hard work, small businesses like A-1 frequently become irreplaceable community assets. A-1's dedication to Valley Center through its ongoing support for charitable organizations and sports teams is phenomenal. Last year alone, A-1 donated over $25,000 to help finance and support local community organizations. 

A-1's continuing success demonstrates that hard work, entrepreneurial spirit, community involvement and good old-fashioned capitalism still pay off for the entire community. I am very pleased to recognize A-1 Irrigation Do it Best Hardware as my Business of the Month for May, 2015. 

Marie Waldron represents Valley Center as our elected Assemblymember for the 75th District.  For more information visit:   

An Improving Budget Situation
 By Assemblymember Marie Waldron 

On May 14 Governor Brown released his $115.3 billion "May Revise," a budget revision based on updated revenue projections.  Fortunately, California's financial picture has brightened, with revenue growth since June, 2014 more than $14 billion over expectations.

Protecting California's K-12 and higher education system remains a top priority for me, and I am pleased the improving financial situation will allow more funding to support our schools, colleges and universities. In a positive move, additional funding for the UC system will only be made available if tuition is frozen, keeping a promise made to voters when Proposition 30 passed in 2012. 

With California mired in a long drought, the budget sets aside $2.2 billion for drought-related programs. Water infrastructure projects, including desalination, and water recycling plants will receive millions in additional revenue. Even so, legislators and the Governor must work together to ensure these projects are fast-tracked.

While the operating budget is balanced, California still faces billions in unfunded liabilities. The recovery remains precarious and we still have one of the nation's highest unemployment rates. The slightest economic hiccup will generate decreasing revenues, more spending and a return to double-digit deficits.

With these concerns in mind, the May Revise continues to build the state's "Rainy Day Fund," a necessary precaution in these uncertain times. As a hedge against future economic downturns, that reserve must grow and remain secure.

With its focus on schools, higher education and water infrastructure, the "May Revise" provides a constructive blueprint for the coming fiscal year. I am optimistic about prospects for passage of a balanced budget by the June 15 deadline.

Marie Waldron represents Valley Center as our elected Assemblymember for the 75th District.  For more information visit:

In Memoriam
By Ray Flores

Memorial Day, an American holiday observed on the fourth Monday during the month of May, was established on May 5, 1868 and became an official federal holiday in 1971. It was originally called Decoration Day and was created by an organization of Union Army and Grand Army of the Republic veterans of the Civil War, the mostly costly war in human lives in our history. Over 620,000 died in that conflict alone, and over 640,000 have died in other conflicts since then, making the "ultimate sacrifice," according to the United States Department of Veterans Affairs.

They were our sons and daughters, fathers and mothers, brothers and sis-ters, aunts and uncles, nephews and nieces, grandparents, and childhood friends. They died in places that many have never heard of, in places you couldn't find on a map, much less pronounce the names of. They were tak-en from us in the violence of war so far from home.

Men and women from every corner of our country and abroad dawn the uniform of American servicemen and women to defend our country. But for some, never to come home to their loved ones again. Never again to feel the warmth of the sun or the cool of a spring rain, never again to feel the warm embrace of their loved ones, or the laughter of friends and family. All that they were, all that they had been, all that they could have been, gone forever. 
This was their sacrifice for us-the living, for us to remember on Memorial Day, not just the cookouts and days at the beach, etc., but hopefully a time to reflect on their untimely deaths and the sacrifices of their families. War takes a terrible toll on the families of the dead and wounded. Mothers and fathers who were once young and full of life suddenly are aged and filled with frustration, angered and grieved at the loss of their child. The families and friends of those lost carry an emptiness that can never again be filled. Only the memories remain of lives so tragically taken from us. We must never forget. 

There are names engraved on a black wall in our nations capital. One of thses names is Ralph Albert Ramirez Jr. Panel 24W Line 20,  KIA May 15 1969, one month, one week, 3 days after his 20th birthday near Binh Duong, Viet Nam. He was my best friend and one of the kindest and friend-liest people I ever knew. Then there was Bernard Paul Breitenbach, the kid who wanted to enter the priesthood after the service, Panel 38E-Line 65, KIA February 10, 1968, Robert Antonio Reyes, KIA February 2, 1968, Panel 36E-Line 77, Michael Mc Cullough, Morris Noble, Wayne Bates, Paul Gonzales, Ray Delgado, Clyde Lawrence DeMello, and sadly there are many, many more of my friends and fellow service members whose names are up on that wall.

There were those who weren't even citizens yet, like Marine PFC Francisco Martinez-Flores, a Marine with a real sense of humor and pride in being a Marine who was killed during Operation Iraqi Freedom March 25, 2003. He was awarded US citizenship posthumously. 

We the living have an obligation to those who were taken from us so early in life to do something for the greater good, to be constructive with the time and resources we have been given, to be good neighbors and citizens, to protect and educate our young, as well as extend a helping hand to the less fortunate, because if they could speak I am sure they would want us to do so. We are the fortunate ones who live in a country still safe, free and full of opportunity to choose our own destinies. If we are to truly memorialize and honor their sacrifice we must take a moment from our barbecues and festive celebrations to remember that their lives were taken from us so that we could have these blessings of a free and safe society. Take a moment to be thankful, take a moment to really think of how precious our freedom is and that it should never be taken for granted. So many have given so much for you and I.

To forget those who have given so much to us is sad. To be remembered is to cherish the sacrifice of those who gave the best they could with all that they had. To remember our fallen defines who we are and the value we place on life. They were the best of us, to cry and grieve for them is natural, but also to remember and have a smile when we do so gives them meaning and appreciation of what they have given us. 

Missing Couple Found in Warner Springs
May 24, 2015 - The Anaheim couple that went missing from Valley View Casino on May 10 has been found in Warner Springs. 
Dianna Bedwell, age 67, was found alive but sadly her husband Cecil Knutson, age 79, had passed away. Bedwell was suffering from severe dehydration and was air lifted to an area hospital. Her condition has not been disclosed. 
The couple was found this afternoon by people off-roading near the Schoepe Scout Reservation at Lost Valley on Chihuahua Valley Road, approximately 40 miles from the casino. 

Bedwell reportedly stated that they were looking for a short cut when they became lost and their vehicle got stuck. The couple was unable to walk to safety. Both were diabetic.

Family members reported the couple missing when they failed to show up in Riverside for Mother's Day dinner with their son. The family and several volunteers have been actively searching for the couple. They hired a private investigator to assist with the investigation and started a GoFundMe page to help cover the cost of the investigation. Unfortunately, the only confirmed sightings of the couple came from video surveillance showing them leaving the casino. 

Please keep Dianna Bedwell and her family in your prayers during this very tragic time. For more information, visit the Facebook page the family created in their memory:

Rincon Band of Luiseño Indians Gives $10,000 to Stampede Rodeo
By Trina West

As a result of an incredibly generous donation by the Rincon Band of Luiseño Indians, the Valley Center Stampede Rodeo created a new sponsorship level for this year's rodeo.

The tribe issued a much needed and appreciated check in the amount of $10,000 to cover the operational costs associated with converting an empty hay field to a fully-functional rodeo ground. As such, to show their deep appreciation, the rodeo committee added a "Platinum Sponsor" category naming the tribe as their top-tier sponsor.

Beginning last October, Rodeo Chairwoman Joyce Holmes began the arduous task of raising $75,000 to cover the numerous costs of putting on the rodeo, including the cost of bleachers, arena & livestock rental, security and more. When asked why she works so hard year-after-year she replied with a smile, "For the love of rodeo; and of course the love of Valley Center and the kids!"

The rodeo operates under the umbrella of the Valley Center Optimist Club, a non-profit organization that supports our local youth, with a shared value of the Rincon Band of Luiseño Indians. The Rincon Band "has funded more than 600 non-profit and public agency requests" with a strong emphasis on organizations "that benefit children, youth, families, the military and seniors residing in San Diego's North County," of which all participate in our local Stampede Rodeo.

The Valley Center Stampede Rodeo is part of the Valley Center Western Days festivities taking place over this Memorial Day weekend on May 22, 23 & 24. On Friday and Saturday they will showcase Broncs, Bulls and Barrel Racers; plus the crowd favorite Mutton Bustin' and a youth Boot Scramble Race during intermission.

Rodeo tickets can be purchased at Armstrong Feed & Supply, Joe's Country Feed & Pet and at the gate. Admission to Sunday's rodeo is free and will feature Mounted Shooting and local Team Roping. For more information about the Valley Center Stampede Rodeo visit their website at

So I Was Thinking..."Happy Tails to You..."
By Phyllis Knight
If you happen to be friends with my husband on Facebook, you no doubt have met the new love of his life. (After forty years together, I no longer qualify as "new.") I'm speaking, of course, about our newest dog, Noel. If you were to have the pleasure of meeting her, then you quickly would understand. She definitely is a sweetie and a snuggler, and incredibly smart. In fact, she probably knows that "snuggler" isn't even a real word! 

Noel is highly trainable because she truly wants to please. If she gets to please herself in the process, well, that's just gravy. She has such an intelligent-looking face, and she oftentimes looks at you so intently as though she is trying to read your mind (either that, or she's trying to hypnotize you into dropping a little snack on the floor...).

Noel and I have started a game whereby I take a few pieces of her favorite treat and we play hide-and-seek around the house. When she finds me, I give her a treat, tell her to sit and stay, and then I go hide somewhere else, call her, and we do it all over again. The problem with this scenario is that I am a creature of habit and tend to hide in the same places, so, needless to say, she usually finds me almost immediately. Oh, I may mix the order up a little, but she knows that typically I'm in one of five places. 

Now, I'm not so naïve as to think Noel runs helter-skelter around the house trying to find me because she can't stand to be separated from me for the time it takes me to hide. No, she is focused on that treat she knows she will get when she finds me, plain and simple. However, I also know she doesn't need a treat to find me, as she knows my scent and can find me anywhere on our property, as demonstrated when my husband sends her outside to "go find Mommy" and she does.

Today, I decided to up the ante a little and hide in a different place in my office (instead of behind the open door next to the wall as usual). As I hurried from one end of the house to the other, I waved the treats all around to distribute the smell, and then hid in plain sight against the wall where she couldn't miss me...if she truly were looking for me. I watched her run into my office no less than four times, sniff the air, and then run out again, all the while I was sitting on the floor directly across from her, not five feet away. 

So I was thinking...
How often are we like that with God? We run all over the place trying to find Him, but not because we truly are searching for Him, but for what we think He has to offer us, for what we'll get out of the deal. How much of it is about pleasing ourselves, instead of pleasing Him?
Further, how often is He right in front of us, but we can't see Him because we really aren't looking for Him? Oh, we like to think we are, but, too often we get distracted by the scent of the world and completely miss Him, or maybe we just get caught up in the game of Life, and miss Him all together.
Yes, God may seem to "hide" in a new spot now and then, but not because He's trying to trick us or truly hide from us, but because He wants us to look a little harder, to learn to focus our sights on Him wherever He is; thereby testing, proving and growing our faith to be able to see Him no matter where we are. 

Now, more than ever before, it is critical that we seek the face of God, that we hunger for His righteousness, and not for the treats that He gives. We just observed National Day of Prayer on May 7th. My prayer is that you did more than just "observe" it; I hope you joined numerous others in prayer for our country, our leaders, our protectors, each other, and our brothers and sisters around the world. If not, it's not too late...yet.  

We've all probably heard the saying, "Lord, help me to be the person my dog thinks I am." And although most of us would agree with that, of course, the far better saying would be, "Lord, help me to be the person You want me to be." One of Noel's favorite "busy activities" is chasing her tail. Yes, it is funny to watch, but all she does is go around in circles and winds up getting frustrated when she can't catch it. As Christians, let's not chase our tails, becoming frustrated and entertainment for others. If God is the true "Love of our life" we will chase after Him, and the "tail" of our life will always have a happy "end"ing. 


Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be filled. Matthew 5:6

You will seek me and find me when you seek me with all your heart. Jeremiah 29:13
©2015 Phyllis Knight 

Valley Center Fire Safety
By George E. Lucia Sr., Fire Marshal

The recent rain may be helping our Valley Center Drought condition for now but the cumulative effect over the past ten years will not change overnight. The vegetation will continue to grow and then go dormant, dry out, turn brown and become combustible fuel waiting for any spark.

The wildfires of 2003 and 2007 have had a huge impact on lives of residents in the Valley Center area.The fires demonstrated how vulnerable and powerless we are in the face of wildfire. Below are some examples of the problems that were identified from past local Wildland fires: 
  • Vulnerable building construction;
  • Structures ignited by native and landscape vegetation;
  • Poor access and escape routes;
  • Inadequate water supplies; and
  • Limited fire fighting resources.
Valley Center Fire Protection District along with the San Diego Fire Chief's "Fire Prevention" committee, has worked with local fire marshals, planners, environmental experts and the building industry to craft codes that are responsive to the wildfire challenge. Valley Center Fire Protection District's fire codes have been strengthened in successive code adoption cycles with the primary goal of protecting the safety of our citizens and enhancing your home's ability to survive wildfire. Lessons learned from the devastating wildfires of the past resulted in further refining of the County fire and building codes. 

These changes have paid off. In the Witch, Harris, Rice and Poomacha fires (October, 2007) 1,047 homes were destroyed in the County (unincorporated) area. There were approximately 8,300 homes in the burn area; therefore the "loss" rate was about 13%. In comparison, there were 1,218 homes in the fire-damaged area that were built under the 2004 County fire and building codes. Of these more recently built (and more fire-resistive) homes, only 24 were destroyed - a "loss" rate of only 2%. 

Therefore, homes built under recent codes have a more than six times better chance of survival! 

Back in 2007, before the wildfires, the State of California adopted new fire and building codes, which are based on the 2006 International Fire Code and the 2006 International Building Code, respectively. The latest 2014 adoption of the VCFPD's fire code was in an effort to both coordinate with the latest State codes and to further refine the VCFPD / SD County Consolidated Fire Code and the modifications to the State codes. The most recent County fire and building codes became effective in 2014.

Here are some of the key changes in the County Fire and Building Codes; however, it is only a summary and does not include all issues and all options. When designing a project please also refer to the actual code language.
Fuel Modification Requirements: The fuel (vegetation) modification zone requirements remain unchanged. Consistent with state and county codes the fuel modification area is 100 feet around structures (or to the property line, whichever is nearer to the structure). The area located within 50 feet of the structure must be cleared and planted with fire-resistant plants, and the landscaping must be irrigated. In the area between 50 to 100 feet around structures the native vegetation may remain but must be thinned by 50% and all dead and dying vegetation must be removed. In this area, grass and other vegetation less than 18 inches in height above the ground need not be removed where necessary to stabilize the soil and prevent erosion. 

Trees are allowed in the 100 foot fuel modification zone. The crowns of trees shall be a minimum of 10 feet from structures and the crowns of other trees and shall be pruned to remove limbs located less than 6 feet above the ground surface.

Location of Structure on Lot - Setback: Fuel modification (vegetation control) is necessary for the life of the building. Fuel modification on neighboring property is not authorized by this fire code section. The fuel modification zone may not extend beyond the lot being developed. Agreements with neighbors, while desirable, cannot be depended on; ownership and cooperation can change. Therefore, it is critical that the fire code regulate the minimum distance from structure to property line. Where adequate setback distance is possible, the structure shall be located such that 100 foot fuel modification can be obtained on the property. This setback is particularly important where fuel modification is restricted such as an Open Space Easement or a where fuel modification may not take place (e.g. riparian areas, state or federal land.) 

The absolute minimum setback is 30 feet. If the VCFPD Fire Marshal identify the hazard in the area as "minimal" or meeting one of the other exceptions below, they may allow less than 30 feet setback. When parcels are adjacent a national forest, state park or open space preserve, buildings and structures must be located a minimum of 100 feet from the property line adjacent the protected area. 

In high hazard areas, exceptions are allowed only if the parcel is too small to accommodate the structure with a 30 foot setback, or the structure is in the interior of a grouping of homes with adequate defensible space designed and maintained on the perimeter of the group. 

Building Construction Requirements: Ignition-resistant construction requirements in the VCFPD fire code have changed only slightly. Previously there was two-tier system of ignition-resistant construction: "Basic" for all structures located in the wildland-urban interface area, and "enhanced" requirements for when 100' fuel modification zone around the structure could not be achieved on the parcel. Now there is just one level of ignition-resistant construction for all structures in the wildland-urban interface, regardless of the size of the fuel modification zone.Note: Greenhouses enclosed with translucent plastic or glass or free-standing open-sided shade covers, sheds, gazebos, and similar accessory structures less than 250 square feet and 30 feet or more from dwellings are exempt from ignition-resistant construction requirements. 

IGNITION-RESISTANT CONSTRUCTION FEATURES INCLUDE: Roofs: Roofs shall have a minimum Class 'A' roof covering. For roof coverings where the profile allows a space between the roof covering and roof sheathing, the spaces shall be fire stopped with approved materials to keep out flames and burning embers.
  • Exterior walls: Exterior wall surfaces must be non-combustible (stucco, masonry, cement-fiber board, etc.), ignition-resistant, heavy timber or log wall construction. An exception exists where 3/8-inch plywood or 3/4-inch drop siding is allowed when installed over fire-rated drywall.
  • Eaves: Eaves, soffits and fascias must comply with requirements for ignition-resistant construction.
  • Unenclosed Underfloor Areas: Homes built on stilts or open post and beam construction is not permitted unless the underfloor area is enclosed to the ground with non-combustible construction.
  • Vents: All vents (attic, underfloor, combustion air, etc.) must resist the intrusion of flames and burning embers into the structure, or they shall be protected by louvers and corrosion-resistant, noncombustible wire mesh with ¼" openings. Ventilation for attic spaces shall be supplied by roof vents such as dormer vents, ridge vents and low profile roof vents. Gable-end vents are permitted if the vents are located a minimum of 12" below the lowest eave/rake projection. Vents shall not be installed in eaves or other similar exterior overhanging areas, except under the following conditions: The vents are constructed to resist the intrusion of flames and burning embers; or, when the building is protected by a fuel modification zone at least 100 feet wide, enclosed eaves may have strip vents on the underside of the eave provided the closest edge of the vent opening is at least 12 inches from the exterior wall.  
Windows (glazing): Windows shall be dual-glazed units with a minimum of one tempered pane or shall be glass block units or shall have a fire-resistance rating of 20 minutes. Previously there was the option of windows being dual-glazed or tempered; now it is required that windows be dual-glazed with a minimum of one tempered pane per the California Building Code. Vinyl window frames must have welded corners to prevent glass from falling out with flame impingement and metal reinforcing in the interlock area to prevent the windows from opening or falling unexpectedly. In addition, vinyl windows must have a label showing they are certified to ANSI/AAMA/NWWDA 101/I.S.2-97 structural requirements. 
Skylights: Skylights shall be tempered glass.
Insulation: Paper faced insulation is not permitted in attics or ventilated spaces due to the potential of embers igniting the paper. Foil-backed or un-faced fiberglass batts and blankets are better suited to conditions of potential fire hazards. Use foil-backed insulation in areas where a vapor barrier is required.
Roof Gutters: Roof gutters shall be provided with the means to prevent the accumulation of leaves and debris. Previously roof gutters and downspouts were required to be metal; roof gutters and downspouts constructed from vinyl are now acceptable. 
Exterior doors: Exterior doors shall be of approved non-combustible construction or of solid-core wood not less than 1⅜" thick or have a fire protection rating of not less than 20 minutes.
Decks, balconies, carports, and patio covers: Decks, balconies, carports, patio covers, and other projections and attachments must be of one of the following: 
  • Non-combustible construction (such as concrete or metal)
  • Fire-retardant treated wood (pressure-treated, listed for exterior use, installed per listing) 
  • Heavy timber construction (minimum dimensions 3x decking, 6x6 columns, 4x10 or 6x8 beams, 4x8 joists) 
  • One-hour fire-resistive construction.
  • VCFPD will also accept decks with a non-combustible surface such as ceramic tiles, or a deck surface listed by an approved evaluation service as "one-hour" or as a Class "A" roof covering. 
All other exposed surfaces must be enclosed with ignition resistant materials such as stucco or cement-fiber material. There is no fire-resistive requirement for handrails and balusters.
Note: Alternative decking materials may be approved by the fire marshal when demonstrated the materials have passed the performance test requirements of State Fire Marshal standard 12-7A-4. 

Fences and other attachments: The first five feet of fences and other items attached to a structure shall be constructed of non-combustible material, pressure-treated exterior fire-retardant wood or meet the same fire-resistive standards as the exterior walls of the structure. The fire marshal may allow vinyl fences when the construction conforms to guidance documents. 
Water Tank Requirements: Water tank requirements have not changed and are required where a project is not within a water district, or not within 1500 feet of a water district line that could be extended for hydrants. The size of the tank required for fire suppression is based on total area of the buildings to be protected.  
  • They are: Up to 1500 sq. ft. = 5,000 gallons 
  • Over 1500 sq. ft. = 10,000 gallons  
This general rule applies in most circumstances. An increase in required water supply may be required depending on the size of the structure. 

Residential Fire Sprinkler Requirements: Residential fire sprinkler requirements have not been changed and are required in almost all circumstances in the VCFPD areas. Residential fire sprinklers are designed to protect occupants from fires that start inside the dwelling, giving them time to escape. They do prevent house fires from spreading to vegetation. They are not, however, intended to protect the home from wildfire (though there have been a few cases where radiant heat ignition of interior contents was stopped by a sprinkler). Far more people die in fires that start within dwellings than start anyplace else, including wildfires. No recognized standard exists for fire sprinklers protecting the exterior of a home in a wildfire. Effective exterior building fire protection comes from non-combustible walls and eaves, restricted attic ventilation, class "A" roofs, fire-resistive decks, tempered dual-paned windows, fire-resistive doors - "defensible structures" ...and from properly maintained vegetation - "defensible space.

For a free home and property inspection call the fire marshal at  760-751-7600 Ext 223.

Chuck Smith Honored For His Contributions to
the Cowboy Way of Life 


Chuck Smith of Valley Center, is the recipient of the Will Rogers Cowboy Award for Leather of the Year from the Academy of Western Artists. Smith received the award before a full house at the 19th Annual Academy of Western Artists Will Rogers Awards, held in the Grand Ballroom at the Sheraton Hotel in Irving, Texas in March. 

Smith was born in Detroit, Michigan but because of an early childhood illness, his family moved to the San Fernando Valley in southern California when he was seven.  The youngster grew up in the age of Western movies and went to school at North Hollywood High School.  His heroes were Roy Rogers, Gene Autry and all the great movie cowboys. Chuck even got to exercise the studio horses.  He also delivered newspapers to Nudie's Rodeo Tailors where they had to run him off when Roy or Gene would show up.  At the same time, he fell in love with the fancy gun holsters and the smell of leather. 

For his 12th birthday, his father bought him a set of leather stamping tools to keep him out of trouble.  He found new heroes in leather work such as Lad Haverty, Al Shelton, Cliff Ketchum and Al Stohlman. In 1996, Smith was awarded the Al Stohlman Award for Excellence in Leather Craft, given to those who not only are great leather artists, but who also share their knowledge and love of leather craft with others.  Ironically, the leather worker gave the first Western Floral Carving seminars at the Autry Museum in Los Angeles. He has also presented the seminar at the National Cowboy Hall of Fame in Oklahoma City 

Smith and his wife, Lana, reside in Valley Center where he is well known as one of the country's top experts on carburetors and fuel injection units for early classic Chevies and Corvettes.  He continues to do leather work, and still designs and makes the "OL Smoothie" swivel knives and stamping tools. He recently created his first Western Floral pattern book. 

The Academy of Western Artists is an organization that promotes all things western, from saddles and boots to music and books. It recognizes the men and women who excel in their work in three disciplines: Trappings, entertainment and Media.

The Academy of Western Artists (AWA), founded in 1996 by a small group of individuals, has grown to include both dedicated members and supporters of the Cowboy way of life. Together, the organization works to bring more visibility to the amazing variety and talent of Contemporary Western artists. These talented people constantly strive to improve their art, as well as to share their craft with new artisans, stretching the boundaries and aspiring to higher levels. 

The AWA is a nonprofit group. It is the AWA's mission to preserve the image of the only Worldwide Hero - the American Cowboy. A product of the U.S.A., the Cowboy is known worldwide, and the AWA wants to ensure that the image lives forever. The Academy of Western Artists created the Will Rogers Cowboy Awards ("The Willie") in 1996, when Western publisher and AWA founder Bobby Newton decided it was time to recognize the performers and artisans who were taking the contemporary Cowboy and Western Art movement to new and exciting heights. 

Each winter, the Academy honors artists in a wide variety of categories at its Annual Awards Dinner. Each recipient receives is recognized for his or her contribution to the Cowboy way of life. The first Academy award presentation was held in Ft. Worth, Texas before a capacity crowd. Since then, the event has become one of the most respected and prestigious international gatherings recognizing Western Arts. There have been almost 500 winners over the 19 years of the awards show. Each year, some categories are added and some are deleted to meet the ever-changing scene of the Western Contemporary Arts. The AWA, along with other committed groups, has moved Western Arts to much higher profile levels. 

For more information on the AWA, go to the website at

Pictured is Chuck Smith and his wife Lana

Tom Buck
By Doug Ives


Tom Buck, long-time U.S. History teacher and former head basketball coach at Valley Center High School, has a new job that he didn't see coming - associate pastor at Ridgeview Church.

Although not an ordained minister, Buck has been involved in ministry at several churches in the VC area for most of his adult life. The experience was varied -- giving sermons, running youth programs, serving as an elder and his favorite, teaching the Bible.

Buck, 59, wasn't thinking of Ridgeview employment until recently when Pastor Bill Trok, a neighbor and friend who walk, run and jog together, began quizzing him about the associate's job. Buck is retiring from the school district in one more school year and had no intention of becoming a couch potato.

‘'It is the perfect new job for me, and maybe for Ridgeview since I'm not looking to move and head a new church somewhere else,'' says Buck. ‘'I want to be a reliable, stable leader that teaches the Bible and helps take the load off Bill. I'm the guy in the bullpen ready when called upon . . . to fill whatever need the church has.''

A teacher at VCHS for 17 years, following a 13-year stint at San Pasqual High, Tom's first love is teaching U.S. History, a subject he says is rather underappreciated these days. He said he might have labored on in the school district a few more years but the Ridgeview opportunity allowed him to turn in his clipboard (actually, power point equipment) after the 2015-2016 school year. 

His wife of 36 years, Marty, is the staff co-ordinator at Palomar Medical Center and she will continue in her job. Tom, a graduate of UC Riverside, said money was no consideration in taking his new position. If it was, he would be needing food stamps. His Christian beliefs and his love of teaching is what motivated him.

He and Pastor Trok are currently trading off in the pulpit doing a series on ‘'God's Greatest Hits.'' 

‘'Bill needs a little break now and then and I'm happy to fill in or share duties,'' says Buck.

Buck was the first VCHS head basketball coach in 1998 but gave up the job after a few years because of health concerns. His love of sports kept him in that life for a time as assistant cross country coach. He is a life-long Los Angeles Lakers fan.

P.S.  The person with the by-line at the top of this story was a sports writer covering the Lakers from 1967 through 1984. The interview took lots of detours while we discussed Jerry West, Gail Goodrich, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Chick Hearn and Magic Johnson.

Support VCHS Grad Night 2015

Valley Center High School's Senior Class will be celebrating its graduation on June 11, 2015. These students have worked hard and persevered to achieve their goal! 

Following the commencement ceremony, an event is being planned to allow the Senior Class one more night together - a night filled with fun, food, music, activities, and memories to last a lifetime. 

This 15th annual, "Safe and Sober Grad Night" will provide a drug and alcohol-free environment where the Senior Class can enjoy the friendships they have built over the years in our unique, close-knit community of Valley Center.

Parent volunteers are organizing this event, and the hope is that every senior will be able to attend. They are seeking donations from businesses, service clubs, community members, and anyone interested to help defray the cost of this event, as well as sponsor those who might not be able to attend due to financial hardship. Any contribution you could make, big or small would be greatly appreciated! Donations are tax deductible. 

Questions please call Deana (760) 310-9062 or Robin (760) 803-7249 or email

Grad Night Sponsor Flyer

"Strumming up Support for Guitar Club"
By Phyllis Knight


Mrs. Reed. Yes, that was her name. You know, that one teacher who always stays with you, long after you've left her class and moved on with life; who inspired you in ways you didn't even foresee at the time. For me, that was Mrs. Reed, my English teacher, who was the first one to really encourage me with my writing so many years ago.

I'm sure most of us have a "Mrs. Reed" and if you attended Valley Center schools over the last 25 years, I wouldn't be surprised at all to hear that Mrs. Kathy Yarush is your Mrs. Reed. I only spent an hour and a half with her this week, and she left a lasting impression on me!

What's so special about Kathy Yarush, you might ask? Well, if you were blessed to be in one of her second grade classes over the last 26 years (25 of them in Valley Center), I'm sure you already know the answer to that question. For the rest of you, I'm very happy to share her story with you.

As I mentioned, Kathy has been a teacher for the past 26 years; but leaving it at that, would be akin to saying the Grand Canyon is a pretty big ditch. True, but neither description begins to capture the natural beauty inherent in both. You see, Kathy is far more than a teacher, as great as that is, she is a mover and a shaker when it comes to getting things done. In fact, I met with her on a Friday afternoon after a long week, and one in which she wasn't feeling her best, but you would never know any of that. She was so excited to share her passion with me that she was like an effervescent spring. I had a hard time just keeping up!  

You don't necessarily think of teachers as having their own Mrs. Reed, but they do as well. In fact, Kathy told me hers was Mrs. Barbara Weeks Huntington, her fifth grade teacher, who used to bring her guitar to school and entertain the students at lunchtime. Kathy really enjoyed those times, and was so inspired by her teacher's desire to share her passion with her students, that it truly fed her own love of music, singing and performing.

Unfortunately, due to budget cuts several years ago, school music programs for elementary schools were cut, and Kathy was disappointed that younger students were missing out on the opportunity to be exposed to music and not encouraged to develop musical skills. But Kathy is not one to wallow in disappoint; she got busy! She remembered her teacher bringing her guitar to school, but Kathy had one problem, she didn't play the guitar, she played the clarinet, and even as talented as Kathy is, there was no way to play the clarinet and have singalongs with the students at the same time. Did that stop her? Don't be ridiculous! She bought a guitar and approached local music teacher, Marsi Carr, to teach her. Kathy's son, Jeffrey, even got in on the action and they learned together. Ten years ago, Kathy was able to follow in her teacher's musical footsteps and started bringing her guitar to school. She extended an open invitation to students to join her for a lunchtime "Guitar Club" and was surprised when 25 kids showed up! Never did she anticipate such a big response.

Fast forward and here we are ten years later and Kathy now has 137 second graders in Guitar Club! As its popularity and numbers grew over the years, Guitar Club warranted its own class time and is now held on Tuesday mornings during school time. Guitar Club is open to all 2nd graders and has members from each of the eight second grade classes, as well as the Special Education class, at Valley Center Primary School. In addition to investing her time, money and talents to keep the program going and growing, Kathy also supports Guitar Club by soliciting grant funds and awards to help fund the program. She currently is working on an application to receive the CSBA (California School Boards Association) Golden Bell Award for the program, but she needs help from the community, specifically in the form of data. If you or your child was involved with Guitar Club, Kathy would love to hear from you about your experience. Your testimony would help to garner more support for the program, so that more students may benefit. You can email Kathy at her email address listed below with your comments and/or questions on how you can help.   

Marsi Carr, Kathy's faithful co-teacher and guitar tuner/repairer, has a passion for Guitar Club and the students as well, and has produced a video available on YouTube for current students to practice along with, as well as first grade students who may be interested in joining it next year, to give them a "head start" on the guitar. The video is available at:

Of course, even calling the program "Guitar Club" is a bit of a misnomer as there is far more than guitar playing going on, and the program has grown in more ways than Kathy could have anticipated or imagined. But, as usual, Kathy has been up to the challenge. While I think most of us would be overwhelmed with 137 second graders doing anything at one time, let alone trying to learn the guitar, Kathy thrives on it. In fact, she and Marsi (who joins her every Tuesday to teach the students) have expanded the program to include VAPA (visual and performing arts) Standards, which in addition to music (instrumental and singing) include drama, art, dance and sign language. I had the privilege of spending Tuesday morning with the Guitar Club. In addition to rehearsing songs for upcoming Western Days, when they will be part of an original play written by Paula Curtiss to honor Valley Center, I also was serenaded to several fun songs, including "Make Your Own Kind of Music." Yes, they definitely make their own kind of music, and I have to tell you, I had a blast!

The Guitar Club members perform a few times each year, including for Ridgeview Preschool (arguably their biggest fans), at Western Days and, of course, their year-end concerts at the Maxine Theater, where they do four shows. Kathy is quick to tell you the show is not about perfection, it's about something far more important, such as fun, encouragement, learning, sharing, dedication, commitment, a sense of accomplishment and all those other wonderful intangibles that come from working together as a group. And although they work as a group, Kathy said seeing the individual students excel and blossom is the biggest reward of all. In fact, here are a couple of testimonials from this year's performers: Nicolas Campione said, "Before the show, I felt shy, but then I was happy to do my first concert. I felt excited and proud of myself!" Jacob Wodarczyk shared, "I like Guitar Club because it is challenging and really fun. I felt like a rock star up on the stage. It was my first concert so I was nervous at first." Kathy said participating in the concerts is valuable to the students as it exposes them to performing, builds their self-confidence and often ignites a life-long love of music and the arts.

For the shows each year, Kathy chooses a fun theme, and then builds the show around it. She credits the students, Marsi Carr, the Parent Teacher Club, parents and other numerous volunteers, for making it all come together. This year's shows were huge successes, as usual, and Kathy is already thinking about next year.

Guitar Club also proves the point that when you set out to bless others, you generally are blessed far more in return. Although Kathy has been a tremendously positive influence on so many children, they have more than returned the favor, so to speak. A few years ago Kathy was going through an especially hard time physically and she credits her faith, family, friends, parents and students for inspiring her to persevere. Even though her students were not aware of her health situation, their love and enthusiasm helped keep her passion alive and well. She will never forget that.

Although the Guitar Club seems to "have it all" there is one thing they don't have, and that's a surplus of guitars. In fact, some of the students have to share guitars, which makes practicing, at home and as a group, a little challenging, to say the least. That's where you come in. They need more guitars! The good news is, when it comes to guitars, Kathy is not "picky" - old/new, big/little, cheap/expensive - they don't even have to have strings! As she said, "You bring them, we'll fix them!" So, if you have a guitar or two sitting around you're not using, find one at a garage sale, or are just feeling particularly generous and want to donate to the Guitar Club fund, you can drop off guitars/donations at any Valley Center school and Kathy will be sure to get it. Yes, you could say that your support for Guitar Club would be music to her ears.

For more information and/or to contact Kathy Yarush, please email her at:

Click here to view more photos. 

Panelists needed for VCHS's "Senior Presentation Days"

Would you like to see what is expected of Valley Center High School seniors? This is your chance! VCHS is seeking community panelists for "Senior Presentation Days," which will take place May 27 and 28 on campus. Seniors have spent the better part of the current semester working on their senior portfolios for this presentation which include essays on post secondary goals, writing reflections, a PowerPoint on their career choice, and other items.

As a panelist you will have the opportunity to evaluate their presentations using a grading rubric. The students' presentations will be about 5-10 minutes. Ron McCowan, Principal at VCHS says,"We at VCHS believe that your participation as a businessperson, community member, or parent will give the students a better perspective as to how they may be evaluated in a professional job situation."

Such emphasis on public performance and written documentation of student work provides a very different and more "formative" kind of accountability for the seniors. The presentations will provide a platform for students to discuss their perspective on education, their courses of study, present their accomplishments of the school's Expected School-wide Learning Results and share their post-secondary goals and objectives as they go from VCHS to college and the real world. 

The "Senior Presentation Days" will be held on Wednesday and Thursday, May 27 and 28 from 7:30 a.m. to 2:07 p.m. Each day there are three-block periods of two hours each. Seniors will present during their English class time in eight different rooms, with three panelists per room. Even a commitment to just ONE block period will be helpful. "Of course, we would appreciate it if you could stay longer! A continental breakfast and complimentary lunch will be provided to all panelists," said McCowan.

If you would like to participate, contact Socorro Ruiz by email at, or phone her at 760-751-5598. Do so no later than Tuesday, May 26th, so they can set the schedule. They need your name, email and phone number to send you the day's procedures so you can familiarize yourself with the process. It will be a fun and enlightening day for all who participate! 

$53,000 Awarded in Pauma Scholarships
By Doug Ives 


Scholarships worth $53,000 have been awarded to 45 recipients, including 25 from Valley Center, by the Marv Borden Memorial Farmers Pauma Scholarship Fund, now in its ninth year.  The fund began in 2007 through the vision of Bryant Pickering and Marv Borden, both Pauma Valley CC members. Over nine years there have been 252 scholarships awarded to 120 individuals totaling $325,000.  This year's winners will be honored at the country club at a luncheon May 22. 

The Valley Center honorees and their intended school are Bailey Archambeault, CS San Marcos; Colton Blakely, Grand Canyon Az.; Brooke DeLauder, Cal Poly SLO; Cole DiLoreto, Michigan; Bailey Gilmore, Nevada Reno; Nicole Green, Marymount; Austin Halligan, CS San Marcos; Gaspar and Magdalene Jun, CS San Marcos; Daisy Lopez, CS San Marcos; Cruz Lucero, CS Long Beach; Gavin Marcom, UC Santa Barbara; Andrew McKeown, Cal Poly SLO; Melina Much, Francis Marion College; Michelle Nido, Creighton; Nichole Padgett, Palomar; Fernando Ramirez, Mira Costa; Genero Rodriguez, CS San Marcos; Ismael Rodriguez,  UC Davis Medicine; Sullivan Shimer, Palomar; Julia Stone, UCLA; Kyle Stroud, Mira Costa; Billy Trok and David Trok, Kentucky and Whitworth; and Xiaodan (Francis) Xu, UC Santa Barbara. 

Others receiving awards, all from surrounding areas of Valley Center, or currently living in cities and towns where they attend school, are Edwin Camacho, Mia Cassel, Bayley Coberly, Kathryn Custer, Bree DeBell, Katherine Dufour, Jeremy Halligan, Connor Head, Suzannah Henderson, Miguel and Maribel Herandez Cuevos, Levente Imbuzan, Jacqueline-Rose Madera, Roxana Pedroza Armaz, Sarai Ramriez, Jamie Rudolph, Elias Ruiz, Hudson Sherr, and Autumn Shultz.

Potential recipients can apply for scholarships each year of their college attendance.


VCHS Dance presents "Transformation" at the Maxine Theater
By Amy Archipov 
The Valley Center High School Dance program announced the theme of "Transformation" for their annual dance performance, with four dates for this year's benefit on May 28 through 30.

"Transformation - A Journey of Change" is an accumulation of the VCHS Dance classes: Beginning, Intermediate, Advanced, and Choreography & Production - with 24 dances performed by 140 9th to 12th graders. The performances will highlight a variety of styles like tap, jazz, contemporary, and hip-hop. There are 10 senior pieces and a variety of song genres.

Performances are in the Maxine Theater at 6:30 pm on May 28th, 29th and 30th, Thursday through Saturday nights, with an additional 1:30 pm matinee on Saturday, May 30th. Lobby opens one hour before show times. All tickets are reserved seating; $6 pre-sale tickets are available April 18th until May 4th online at $12 tickets are available after May 4th online and at the Maxine Box Office one hour before all performances.

"Students have been working hard all year creating their own ideas and choreography, whether in a small group or contributing to their class piece. It's really neat to see my students who were Freshman when I first began teaching here now creating their own senior pieces," said Carli Morasco, VCHS Dance Director. "Their progress and ability amazes me and I'm very proud of them, so I hope the community will come and support these talented dancers." 

The students are finalizing their costumes soon and creating their special lighting and sound with the equipment at the Maxine. The dances come to life with the newer use of projections at the Maxine Theater, which projects any image as a backdrop, making the possibilities for creativity far more extensive.
The event program/souvenir book is being created now and advertising is available. Email Carli at to support this event with an ad in the program.
Click here to view flyer. 


















Valley Center Happenings | P.O. Box 2943, Valley Center, CA 92082 | Phone/Fax: (760) 751-2900 |

DISCLAIMER: The content of is for general information and advertising use only. seeks to ensure that all content and information published on this website is current and accurate. The information at does not in any way constitute legal or professional advice and cannot be held liable for actions arising from its use. In addition, cannot be held responsible for the contents of any externally linked pages. shall not be responsible for any errors or omissions within any third party advertisement contained on its website. This information is provided "AS IS" and expressly disclaims any and all warranties, express or implied, to the extent permitted by law, including but not limited to warranties of satisfactory quality, merchantability, or fitness for a particular purpose, with respect to the service or any materials. You, the consumer, acknowledge that any reliance upon any information or materials shall be at your sole risk. We reserve the right to remove ads at any time for any reason.

 Copyright © 2010-2014  Valley Center Happenings | All Rights Reserved